There are different types of eye problems and these can have adverse effect on anyone’s vision. Many of these problems can be rectified with contact lenses, supplements or glasses while others could be corrected by surgeries. Eye problems include blurred vision, halos, floaters, blind spots and changes in vision. Sudden arising of the eye problems could be as a result of some type of diseases such as diabetes or any other health condition that could have great effect on the body organs.
The various types of eye problems which can be corrected with contact lenses include:
– Long sightedness: This is the type of eye problem in which the far objects are clearly seen while the closer objects looks blurred. This shows that the eye of the person suffering from this problem focus images at a point behind the retina and this problem occurs when the eye is shorter than normal. It could be hereditary and can be corrected with application of convex lenses. For young person suffering from this long sightedness, they do not need treatment because their eye lenses are adjustable enough to correct the problem. If it is elderly, corrective lenses is very essential for vision improvement. At times, the patient can subscribe for surgery if he or she prefers it in order to correct the problem.
– Short sightedness: This is the situation when the short distance is clearly seen while the long distance objects look blurred. This problem occurs as a result of the light concentration at the front of the retina and this makes distance object more blurred, then the cornea become steeped. Then the image becomes more focused on the vitreous humor rather than on the retina. This problem can also be corrected with concave lenses which helps the image on the retina.
– Presbyopia: This is the situation that occurs at the advanced age most especially when people reaches the mid 40s. It occurs as a result of aging when there is gradual reduction eye’s strength to focus on the closer objects. As you continue to grow in age the yes lens becomes harder and less flexible while the attractive images are out of concentration. This can be treated with medicated reading glasses, trifocals, bifocals, bifocal contact lenses, and modified monovision technique and monovision contact lenses. At times, refractive surgery and lens implants could be the best choice of treatment.
– Astigmatism: This is when people suffering from this problem experience blurry vision in every of their distance look. What causes this problem is irregular shape of the cornea and it could be vertically, horizontally or diagonally. This problem could be accompanied with long and short sightedness problem. The corrective measure for this includes contact lenses or refractive surgery.
Here are some other eye problems that cannot be corrected by glasses and some of the eye problems could lead to blindness.
– Cataracts: This means clouding. This could be on all the eye lens or part inside eye. The result could be blurred vision or distorted.
– Eye floaters: It looks like small spots, lines or dots which move along your vision line. It could be as a result of retinal detachment. It is advisable to contact an ophthalmologist immediately.
– Glaucoma: When the pressure of the fluid in the eyes is built and damages the optic nerve fiber. This could result to blindness.
– Conjunctivitis: This is also called pink eye which could result to inflammation of the conjunctiva. This is caused by bacterial infection. Antibiotics are best used for the treatment.
– Retina tears and retinal detachment: These types of eye diseases are very common among the eye problems and if left untreated it could result to total blindness.
– Macular Degeneration: This occurs as a result of changes in the macular portion of the retina.
Eye diseases are of different types some are which can be cured by treatment or surgery, but some lead to permanent loss of vision.